European heritage boasts a great variety of natural and cultural resources, including landscapes, archaeological sites, historical buildings, traditions, and folkloristic events.
This cultural heritage (CH) is nowadays at risk, endangered by different kinds of environmental pressures causing physical degradation and destruction of ecofacts and historical contexts and monuments.
The effects of the interaction between standing and buried ancient features and natural elements, i.e. atmosphere and soil, are today exacerbated by other factors, such as human pressures and, most recently and for the future, by climate change.
RESEARCH (REmote Sensing techniques for ARCHaeology) aims at testing risk assessment methodology using an integrated system of documentation and research in the fields of archaeology and environmental studies.
It will introduce a strategy and select most efficient tools for risk assessment and harmonization of data, criteria, and indicators, to be used to assess and monitor the impact of environmental changes on tangible cultural heritage assets.
The project addresses the design and development of a multi-task thematic platform, combining advanced remote sensing technologies with GIS application for mapping and long-term monitoring of archaeological heritage in order to identify changes due to environmental factors, climate change, and anthropic pressures.
The broad spectra of Satellite Earth Observations (EO) provide the ideal platform to undertake a wide range of effective, cost-efficient and up-to-date programmable analysis and monitoring of archaeological sites, as a support to the remote sensing technology today applied in archaeology.
This valuable information will be complemented, calibrated and tested with ground-based data (e.g. geotechnical information, geophysics, and field survey), site scale monitoring (e.g. ground monitoring stations, laser scanners etc.) and risk assessment models (for soil erosion, land use, land movement) to derive end-user driven products (e.g. hazard, vulnerability and risk maps).
In order to carry out the demonstration and validation of the Platform, six case study sites have been selected: Falerii Novi (Italy), Amathùs (Cyprus), Almyriotiki (Greece), Itanos (Greece), Vaitsi Mill (Greece), Slawno-Darlowo area (Poland).
TYPE OF ACTION
(the procedure is underway for a 12-month extension of the project, which will bring its total duration to 60 months)
Università degli Studi della Tuscia
Stefano De Angelis
DEPARTMENT OF UNIVERSITY
DIBAF: Department for Innovation in Biological, Agri-food and Forestry Systems